Peter S. Kraus was elected Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer in December 2008. He has in-depth experience in the financial markets, including investment banking, asset management and private-wealth management. Kraus served as an executive vice president, head of global strategy and member of the Management Committee of Merrill Lynch & Company, Inc., from September 2008 through December 2008. He previously spent 22 years with Goldman Sachs Group Inc., where he most recently served as co-head of the Investment Management Division and a member of the Management Committee, as well as head of firmwide strategy and chairman of the Strategy Committee. Kraus also served as co-head of the Financial Institutions Group. He was named a partner at Goldman in 1994 and managing director in 1996. In April 2010, Kraus was appointed a member of the Management Committee of AXA, which was formed by Henri de Castries, AXA’s Chairman and CEO, to assist with the operational management of AXA. Kraus was named a Director of AXA Financial, AXA Equitable and MONY Life Insurance Company of America (a wholly owned subsidiary of AXA Equitable) in February 2009. He is not compensated for serving in these roles for AXA and its subsidiaries. Kraus is also Chairman of the Investment Committee of Trinity College, Chair of the Board of Overseers of CalArts, Co-Chair of the Friends of Carnegie International, a member of the Board of Directors of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts and Chairman of Lincoln Center’s Art Committee, a member of the Board of Keewaydin Foundation, and a member of the National Board of Young Audiences, Inc., a nonprofit organization that works with educational systems, the arts community, and the private and public sectors to provide arts education to children. Kraus holds a BA from Trinity College and an MBA from New York University.